Tarxien Temples, Show all 54 places in MALTA » MALTA54
- Triq It Tempji Neolitici, Ħal Tarxien TXN 1063, Malta
- Working hours*:
Monday - Sunday
9:00 - 17:00
Adults (18 – 59 years): 6.00€
Youths (12 – 17 years), Senior Citizens (60 years & over), and Students: 4.50€
Children (6 – 11 years): 3.00€
Infants (1 – 5 years): Free
- * - opening and closing times as well as entrance prices, are subject to alterations without notice. Visitors are advised to check before visiting.
- 35.8691840, 14.5119310 Copy to clipboard Copy
#History , #Oddities , #Museums
Its location is around 400metres to the east of the Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni, another one of Malta’s famous temples.
Built between 3600 and 2500 BC, this complex is the largest prehistoric site on the islands and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Significance and excavation
Perhaps it’s not the most impressive temple complex in Malta, however, there are some unique items that make it worth a visit, such as exquisite examples of prehistoric art, including the lower part of a large, skirted statue, the famous spirals and reliefs of two bulls and a sow.
Three of the four temples are constructed in the same five-apse plan of the other temples on the island, however, the central temple is unique in its design, having six apses. Most probably the central temple was also roofed.
The original purpose of the temples was probably that of animal sacrifice, confirmed by reliefs of animals, a number of altars, animal bones and the presence of tools such as a flint knife. Human remains were found at the centre of the South temple and experts think that this is proof that the temples were re-used during the Bronze Age for burial.
Local farmers discovered the temples in 1913. The excavation was carried out between 1915 and 1919, with three of the four structures being reconstructed by Sir Temi Zammit (a renowned Maltese archaeologist and historian, professor of chemistry, medical doctor, researcher and writer) during the process.
Stone spheres found during the excavation may perhaps shed some light on how our prehistoric forefathers managed to carry around the megaliths (huge slabs of stone). The prevailing theory is that these spheres were used as stone rollers to carry the megaliths from where they were quarried to the final location.
Since 2015, as is the case with the temples of Mnajdra and Ħaġar Qim, the Tarxien Temples are covered by tent-like shelters to protect the site from the elements.