Bavarian Opera and National Theater(Bayerische Staatsoper und Nationaltheater), Show all 6 places in Munich » Munich6
- Max-Joseph-Platz 2, 80539 München, Germany
- 48.1393765, 11.5792474 Copy to clipboard Copy
The first theatre - 1818-1823
The first theatre was opened in 1810 by King Maximilian I of Bavaria, as there was too little space in the Teatro Couvillès nearby. It was designed by Karl von Fischer, with architectural precedent 1782 Odéon in Paris. Construction began on October 26, 1811, but was interrupted in 1813 due to financial problems. In 1817, a fire broke out in an unfinished building.
The new theatre finally opened on October 12, 1818, with Ferdinand Frenzl's Die Weihe, but was soon destroyed by another fire on January 14, 1823; the stage set caught fire during the performance of Etienne Mejoul's Die beyden Füchse, and the fire could not be extinguished because the water supply was frozen. Coincidentally, the Paris Odeon itself burned down in 1818.
Second theatre - from 1825 to 1943
The second theatre, designed by Leo von Klenze, was built by Neo-Grec featuring a portico and a triangular pediment, as well as an entrance supported by Corinthian columns. In 1925 it was modified to create an enlarged stage with updated equipment. The building was destroyed in an air raid on the night of October 3, 1943.
Third Theater - from 1963 to the present
The third and current theatre (1963) recreates the original neoclassical style of Karl von Fischer. design, albeit on a slightly larger scale, for 2,100 seats. The magnificent royal box is the centre of the inner rondel, decorated with two large caryatids. The new stage covers an area of 2,500 square meters (3,000 square yards) and is thus the third-largest in the world after the Opera Bastille in Paris and the Bolshoi Theater in Warsaw.
Thanks to the constant use of wood as a building material, the auditorium has excellent acoustics. The architect has carefully preserved the original appearance of the foyer and the main staircase. It opened on 21 November 1963 with an invitation-only performance by Die Frau ohne Schatten under the baton of Joseph Keilbert. Two days later, the first public performance of Meistersinger von Nuremberg took place, again under Keilbert.
In addition to regular concerts, several times a week at 2:00 pm, guided tours are held at the National Theater, which lasts about 60 minutes. The tour includes but is not limited, a guided tour of the Royal Hall, the Ionian Halls, the theatre's art gallery, auditorium and, if possible, the stage.
There are also regular excursions for children and young people, including themed tours.
There are guided tours for school classes and groups, and private tours that can be arranged separately and by appointment.
From time to time, there are exclusive night tours, during which visitors can even look behind the scenes.
How to get to the Bavarian Opera and National Theater
Subway U3, U6 (Marienplatz station)
Tram 19 (Nationaltheater stop)